Bernard’s Discrimination Model of Supervision is a versatile model for supervising clinicians with varied theoretical stances (Bernard & Goodyear, 1992). This style of clinical supervision discriminates between three different skill areas of clinical work:
- Intervention / Process: The therapeutic interaction, communication, and therapeutic relationship.
- Conceptualization: The case formulation and theoretical understanding of the client’s needs and next steps.
- Personalization: The use of self, awareness of counter-transference, and ability to be present and non-defensive in sessions.
In Bernard's Model, the supervisor can utilize three different approaches to address the the skill areas:
- Teacher: Providing education or directing clinician to expand knowledge base.
- Counselor: Guiding clinician to gain awareness of hidden processes occurring.
- Consultant: Providing support and collaboration as a colleague.
A supervisor would select an approach based on the specific need of the clinician at that moment. This style supports and fosters the varied development within a clinician's skill set.
As it is for most supervisory models, the working relationship is a key element to ensuring collaborative and supportive supervision.
Bernard, J.M., Goodyear, R.K. (1992). Fundamentals of clinical supervision. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.